The history of cannabis has always been accompanied by intense discordance. Is it a narcotic substance or not? Can it be used for medicinal purposes? To what extent should it be decriminalised? Both the possession and use of cannabis had been banned in Greece since 1936.
However, in 2018, Law 4523/2018 came into effect on the production of medical cannabis products, putting an end to discordance. Specifically, with regard to the Cannabis sativa L varieties, with a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration over 0.2%, under strict criteria, natural persons and legal entities are permitted to cultivate it, for the exclusive purpose of producing medical cannabis end products for: i. supplying the state monopoly and distributing them to patients and ii. exporting them for medical purposes.
Due to the particularities of this issue and the age-old discordance and doubt accompanying it, the lawmakers have instituted a long and complex list of conditions a natural person and legal entity must fulfil if they wish to get involved in the production and distribution of Cannabis sativa L.
For example, some of the conditions for getting authorisation to produce Cannabis sativa L medical cannabis end products include:
Application / completed questionnaire submitted to the Directorate of Licensing of Businesses and Business Parks, General Secretariat for Industry, along with a fee of 10,000€ in favour of the General Secretariat for Industry.
The following supporting documents must also be attached to the application:
- copy of ID card or passport
- copy of criminal record
iii. non-judicial support certificate
- environmental impact assessment and decision on approval of environmental terms
- land use certificate issued by the competent land registry agency, accompanied by the topographic diagram used to issue it
- technical report substantiating that the capacity of the cannabis processing facility is sufficient to fully process the produced quantity of the cultivated cannabis
vii. certificate of non-bankruptcy, non-filing a bankruptcy petition, non-filing a request for conciliation/consolidation, non-filing a request for dissolution and non-dissolution of the legal entity
viii. tax and social security clearance certificates
- permanent residence certificate
- certificate confirming that there is no school at a distance of less than 1000 m from the boundaries of the site to be licensed
- solemn statement certifying that the applicants have not been indicted by final ruling for the offences under Article 2A of Law 4139/2013 and solemn statement that they are not under privative or auxiliary judicial support
The authorisation to operate is granted by decision of the Ministers of Economy and Development, Health, and Rural Development and Food within 30 days after filing a complete dossier and is valid for 5 years.
An on-site inspection to assess the appropriateness of the site is conducted within 15 days from receiving the authorisation.
Interested parties must resubmit updated supporting documents relating to the authorisation to operate by 31 December each year.
To renew the authorisation to operate, interested parties must resubmit the application / questionnaire.
Apart from the certificates and procedures listed above, specific conditions must also be followed for the protection and safety, transport of the end product, import of propagating material, etc. The qualified partners of the Stefanos Economou & Associates Law Firm can submit the supporting documents, follow the procedures and advise you through every step of the process.